At the end of September, Wharton Women in Business, the Penn Law Women’s Association, and Wharton Male Allies brought civil rights lawyer and author Alexandra Brodsky to Penn to speak with students about sexual assault and harassment, and how it affects victims in school and the workplace.
Brodsky is the author of the recently published Sexual Justice: Supporting Victims, Ensuring Due Process, and Resisting the Conservative Backlash and has written for the New York Times, the Washington Post, and The Atlantic, among other major publications. Her book, grounded in the cases that she has herself litigated, covers the prevalence of sexual assault in institutional settings, and explores why those same institutions are best equipped to help victims receive the care and outcomes they need. Just as importantly, the book details how these institutions are also responsible for ensuring that the accused face a just and transparent system for handling claims.
Here are two key lessons that all Wharton students — especially male allies — can take away from the conversation.
These institutional processes, as they exist now, are often flawed.
Survivors and allies may be convinced of the need for a robust response to claims, but as Brodsky highlights in Sexual Justice and elaborated on during the event, institutions place many hurdles on survivors seeking some protection from, or support for abuse or harassment, but they also often deny clear guidance and process to the accused.
For survivors, these hurdles can take the form of institutions punishing those who report violations for revealing minor infractions — such as drinking while on campus, or visiting a dorm room after hours — while ignoring the violation itself. A key point that Brodsky raises, however, is that institutions implicitly create barriers by having separate processes, reviews, and standards of evidence for non-sexual and sexual infractions.
Corporate HR departments generally know how to handle a fistfight or rude behavior from their employees, yet they struggle to handle similar acts when they are of a sexual nature. This distinction carries into how the accused are treated, which has the intrinsic flaw of creating unjust systems that may not be equipped to aim at truth and the instrumental flaw of creating more opportunities for arguments, lawsuits, and public opinion to be made in bad faith and away from the improvement of these systems.
As Wharton students and allies enter the workforce, it’s useful, therefore, to be aware of these process flaws, both as we support our friends and colleagues in navigating these convoluted systems, and as we, ourselves, find opportunities to engage with and improve them.
For many victims of sexual assault or harassment, the ideal response from the victim’s perspective is likely one that only the institution they are part of can provide, not the criminal justice system.
Universities and companies can reassign classes or work schedules to avoid contact with the accused, enforce training, or take disciplinary action like a suspension that does not impact the life of the accused to the extent of imprisonment or loss of employment.
Institutional outcomes are often much more preferable to victims than those of criminal proceedings because they provide direct relief, support, or aid, and avoid harsh punishments that victims, who very often have pre-existing relationships with the accused, may not want to see.
The benefits that well-designed institutional response systems can provide should encourage Wharton graduates to see the organizations they join as opportunities to advance equity and to take an important role in improving those systems to avoid the flaws that they often currently hold.
As Wharton Male Allies, we were excited to partner with Wharton Women in Business and the Penn Law Women’s Association for this event, and found similarities in our school and work environments that hopefully will enable better allyship throughout our careers. We were very lucky to have Brodsky join us in person and spend extended time in a Q&A session. Signed copies of her book, Sexual Justice, are available at the Penn bookstore, with the book available at usual retailers as well.
– Wharton Male Allies Gender Equality Initiative officers: Thomas Rokholt, WG’22, Ranjana Chandramouli, WG’22, Jessica Powers, WG’22, John Bogle, WG’22, and Nathan Case, WG’22
Posted: October 18, 2021